The result was that entire populations were mobilised, or forced, to acclaim their leader and demonstrate their loyalty, "nations of prisoners condemned to enthusiasm". When no one was certain who supported and who opposed the dictator, the cult reached its apotheosis. People were fearful, obsequious, acquiescent or silent.
Lavish lairs: inside the homes of the world's worst dictators
The alternative was the fate of political opponents of the regime: exile, imprisonment or execution. Notwithstanding such widespread compliance, Dikotter tends to underplay the degree of genuine adulation, even love, that a great many citizens felt at particular historical moments, especially for that quartet of supreme rulers: Il Duce, der Fuehrer, Stalin Batiushka or "Little Father" and Chairman Mao.
World leaders were also seduced. Churchill, for example, considered Mussolini "the Roman genius", and of Stalin, who had no shortage of international devotees, he said "I like him the more I see him".
How 13 of the World's Worst Dictators Died
Similarly, shouting "Heil Hitler" while being shot was not uncommon. One reason the cult was so effective was that it provided the leader with protection.
When things went wrong, blame was transferred to underlings; "if only he knew", victims often implored. He can claim credit, more than Stalin or Hitler, for the biggest pyramid of corpses. Choummaly Sayasone - Laos A special case: George W. Bush - United States of America Overthrowing dictators.
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The Worst of the Worst – Foreign Policy
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Ask a librarian. Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. Book , Online - Google Books. Wallechinsky, David, author. The Central Asian nation became independent of the Soviet Union in Throughout his reign, Nazarbayev has been accused of corruption and human rights abuses. According to reports by Amnesty International and the US State Department, Nazarbayev's political opponents often end up in prison, under terrible conditions, or even shot dead out in the desert.
Human trafficking is rampant in the country, as well. President Nazarbayev has to approve any changes to the Constitution of Kazakhstan. He personally controls the judiciary, the military, and the internal security forces. A New York Times article alleged that the government of Kazakhstan paid American think tanks to put out " glowing reports about the country. The aging Nazarbayev may or may not release his grip on power any time soon. Like Nursultan Nazarbayev in neighboring Kazakhstan, Islam Karimov has been ruling Uzbekistan since before its independence from the Soviet Union - and he seems to share Joseph Stalin's style of rule.
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His term of office was supposed to have been up in , but the people of Uzbekistan generously agreed to let him continue as president by a Since then, Karimov has graciously allowed himself to be re-elected in , , and again in , in defiance of Uzbekistan's Constitution. Given his penchant for boiling dissidents alive , it's little wonder that few people dare protest.